Mark Collins – India vs Pakistan, RAW vs ISI: Baluchistan, Karachi, Kashmir Elsewhere

Further to this post,

Paks Point RAW Finger at India (Baluchistan, Karachi)

I recently wrote about the Indian foreign intelligence agency: “that’s the RAW, which the Paks are convinced (probably with reason) is up to no good in Baluchistn–recently here“… 

Excerpts from a post at the CDA Institute Blog: The Forum:

Kashmir and India-​Pakistan Proxy Wars – Part 1


The ‘unfinished agenda’ of the subcontinent’s partition in 1947, specifically the unresolved dispute on Jammu and Kashmir, keeps India and Pakistan locked in their historic enmity. While Pakistan calls Kashmir its “jugular vein,” India labels it an “integral part.” The latest border clashes, as well as accusations from both sides have heightened the possibility of non-​state proxies exploiting each other’s vulnerabilities, which may lead to a conventional conflict snowballing into a nuclear exchange…

Using state and non-​state actors asymmetrically seems to be India’s new strategy to weaken Pakistan. India is alleged to have supported Tehrik-​e-​Taliban Pakistan in the tribal areas as well as Baluch separatist leaders. The issue became a headline when it came up in a joint statement after a meeting between Indian and Pakistani leaders on 16 July 2009 at Sharm-​al-​Sheikh.

The BBC, in its damning report of 24 June 2015, further revealed that Indian intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) has been funding, training and arming Pakistan’s Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) – an urban Sindh’s ethnic political party – for the past two decades. MQM’s militant wing has been notorious for target-​killings and other organized crime, as well as frequently shutting-​down Karachi, Pakistan’s biggest metropolis. Despite denying the serious allegations, neither MQM nor India has taken the BBC to court for defamation.

India’s mindset was laid-​out by its national security adviser, Ajit Doval. Proposing to adopt a “defensive-​offense” strategy in February 2014, Doval dared Pakistan to “do one (more) Mumbai (type attack) and lose Baluchistan (province).” On 27 May 2015, Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parikar went a step further by suggesting a policy of “neutralizing” terrorists through terrorists, by which he means employing non-​state proxies for counterterrorism purpose. The startling disclosure by former chief of RAW, Amarjit Singh Dulat in his book Kashmir: The Vajpayee Years that India had been paying militants and separatists thus comes as no surprise. Former Indian army chief, General V.K. Singh is also on record admitting that under his command, the army’s spy unit (Technical Services Division) carried out several cross-​border covert operations inside Pakistan.

Highlighting India’s use of Afghan soil for proxy war, historian William Darymple quoted the Indian consul-​general in Kandahar meeting with the dissident Baluch leaders in the presence of RAW’s agents, while former US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel noted in 2011, “India has over the years financed problems for Pakistan on that (Afghan) side of the border.”

Amid an upsurge in terrorist activities in Pakistan – especially in Baluchistan – its army set aside diplomatic norms to blame RAW behind Pakistan’s destabilization. Reiterating the claim that Pakistan and Kashmir are inseparable, Pakistan’s army chief General Raheel Sharif resolved on 3 June 2015, “not to allow any country [India] to use proxies against it [Pakistan].”

No doubt Pakistan practiced the policy of ‘bleeding India by a thousand cuts’ in Kashmir; it took an about-​turn on supporting cross-​border infiltration by Kashmiri jihadists under international pressure, proscribing the groups between January 2002 and November 2005. However, India’s machinations may compel Pakistan to revert back to its old strategy of employing these so-​called ‘assets.’..

Adnan Qaiser is a defence and political analyst having had a distinguished career in the armed forces as well as in international diplomacy and public and social sector development [more here]. He can be reached at: a.qaiser1@yahoo.com.

From June 2013, with map:

Pakistan’s Bloody Baluchistan

Plus from June 2014:

Karachi: The Most Dangerous and Violent City in the World [short of war], Part 2: “Karachi’s Killers”

Then there’s Kashmir.  Nice pair of countries, eh?

Mark Collins, a prolific Ottawa blogger, is a Fellow at the Canadian Global Affairs Institute; he tweets @Mark3Ds

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15 thoughts on “Mark Collins – India vs Pakistan, RAW vs ISI: Baluchistan, Karachi, Kashmir Elsewhere”

  1. About as boring a headline as “Worthwhile Canadian Initiative”:
    “India, Pakistan Take Steps to Ease Tensions”
    https://www.google.ca/search?q=%22India,+Pakistan+Take+Steps+to+Ease+Tensions%22&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&gws_rd=cr&ei=k32hVZqKDMmjyATfzoMw

    Anyway, good luck as Paks raise Kashmir, won’t help with Mumbai attack case:

    Mark Collins

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